GABAB1 knock-out mice reveals alteration in prolactin levels, gonadotropin axis and reproductive function

Authors
Catalano, Paolo Nicolás; Bonaventura, Maria Marta; Silveyra, Patricia; Bettler, Bernhard; Libertun, Carlos; Lux, Victoria Adela R.
Publication Year
2005
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been implicated in the control of hypophyseal functions. We evaluated whether the constitutive loss of functional GABA(B) receptors in GABA(B1) knockout (GABA(B1)(-/-)) mice alters hormonal levels, under basal and stimulated conditions, and reproductive function. The serum hormone levels were measured by radioimmunoassay, the estrous cyclicity was evaluated by vaginal lavages, and the mating behavior was determined by the presence of vaginal plugs. A moderate hyperprolactinemic condition was observed, in which prolactin increase and thyroid-stimulating hormone decrease were similar between genotypes. Basal luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and growth hormone levels were similar between genotypes in each sex. Analysis of the gonadotropin axis revealed no differences in puberty onset between female genotypes. In con trast, the estrous cyclicity was significantly disrupted in GABA(B1)(-/-) female mice, showing significantly extended periods in estrus and shortened periods in proestrus. Reproduction was significantly compromised in GABA(B1)(-/-) females, with a significantly lower proportion of mice (37.5%) getting pregnant during the first 30 days of mating as compared with wild-type controls (87.5%). Moreover, only 14% of vaginal plug positive GABA(B1)(-/-) females had successful pregnancies as compared with 75% in the controls. In addition, the postovariectomy LH rise was significantly advanced in GABA(B1)(-/-) mice, while the response to estradiol feedback was similar in both genotypes. In conclusion, our endocrine analysis of GABA(B1)(-/-) mice reveals that GABA(B) receptors are involved in the regulation of basal prolactin titers. Moreover, the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-ovarian axis is seriously disturbed, with alterations in cyclicity, postcastration LH increase, and fertility indexes. The molecular mechanism underlying these hormonal disturbances remains to be addressed.
Fil: Catalano, Paolo Nicolás. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina; Argentina
Fil: Bonaventura, Maria Marta. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Silveyra, Patricia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Bettler, Bernhard. University of Basel; Suiza
Fil: Libertun, Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina; Argentina
Fil: Lux, Victoria Adela R.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Subject
ESTRADIOL
GROWTH HORMONE
PITUITARY GLAND
TESTIS
REPRODUCTION PHYSIOLOGY
Neurociencias
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Biología Reproductiva
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/31344