Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection according to the year of birth: identification of risk groups

Authors
Neukam, K.; Ridruejo, Ezequiel; Pérez, Paula Soledad; Campos, Rodolfo Hector; Martínez, A. P.; Di Lello, Federico Alejandro
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening according to the year of birth is recommended is some countries based on epidemiological data. The aim of this study was to analyze anti-HCV prevalence among people born between 1905 and 2015 in Argentina. Patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 2001 to 2015, who had a determination of anti-HCV, were included. Of 22,079 patients analyzed, 1,152 (5.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.9%–5.5%) patients showed positive anti-HCV and 729 (3.3%; 95% CI: 3.1%–3.5%) patients showed detectable viremia. Three risk groups were identified (HCV prevalence): low-risk group—outpatient clinics/emergencies (2.8%); intermediate-risk group—in-patients (8%); and high-risk group—dialysis/transplants (27.2%). In the low-risk group, being born in 1973 or before was identified as a cut-off value for the risk of anti-HCV acquisition (area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve: 75.1 [95% asymptotic CI: 0.732–0.770; p < 0.001]). Ninety-one patients born after 1973 (0.8%) showed positive anti-HCV versus 457 individuals born in 1973 or before (5.8%), p < 0.001. In this group, positive anti-HCV was observed in 252 females (2.1%) and 296 males (4.1%), p < 0.001. In a multivariate analysis adjusted for gender, alanine-aminotransferase levels and HIV coinfection, being born in 1973 or before was independently identified as a risk for positive anti-HCV (adjusted odds ratio: 14.234 [95% CI: 9.993–20.277]; p < 0.001). People born in 1973 or before without other risk factors should be included in screening programs to link the highest possible number of HCV-infected patients to appropriate care and treatment.
Fil: Neukam, K.. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; España. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Fil: Ridruejo, Ezequiel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. CEMIC-CONICET. Centro de Educaciones Médicas e Investigaciones Clínicas "Norberto Quirno". CEMIC-CONICET.; Argentina
Fil: Pérez, Paula Soledad. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Fil: Campos, Rodolfo Hector. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Fil: Martínez, A. P.. Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas “Norberto Quirno”; Argentina
Fil: Di Lello, Federico Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica; Argentina
Subject
HEPATITIS C VIRUS
PATIENT MANAGEMENT
PREVALENCE
SCREENING PROGRAMS
YEAR OF BIRTH
Salud Ocupacional
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/48819