Importance of Serum Testicular Protein Hormone Measurement in the Assessment of Disorders of Sex Development

Authors
Freire, Analia; Grinspon, Romina; Rey, Rodolfo Alberto
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Commonly known for testosterone secretion, the testes also produce the protein hormones anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, and insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3). AMH and inhibin B are secreted by Sertoli cells, whereas INSL3 is a Leydig cell product. AMH is involved in fetal sex differentiation and induces the regression of the anlagen of the uterus and fallopian tubes. INSL3 participates in fetal testicular descent. Serum testicular protein hormone assessment can be very useful and complementary to testosterone measurements in patients with DSD. AMH and inhibin B determination is extremely helpful during childhood, when basal testosterone is normally low. Serum AMH and inhibin B above the female range are indicative of the presence of testicular tissue, and their circulating levels reflect the amount of functional Sertoli cells. In DSD patients with normal male levels of AMH and inhibin B, the diagnosis of gonadal dysgenesis can be ruled out, and isolated androgen secretion deficiency or androgen insensitivity should be suspected. In externally virilized XY patients with persistent müllerian ducts, serum AMH levels determine the diagnosis to AMH deficiency or resistance. At pubertal age, inhibin B levels serve to predict spermatogenic development.
Fil: Freire, Analia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Fundación de Endocrinología Infantil. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada"; Argentina
Fil: Grinspon, Romina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Fundación de Endocrinología Infantil. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada"; Argentina
Fil: Rey, Rodolfo Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada". Fundación de Endocrinología Infantil. Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergada"; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina; Argentina
Subject
AMH
Testosterone
Inhibin B
INSL3
Medicina Critica y de Emergencia
Medicina Clínica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/50313