Brain angiotensin II involvement in chronic mental disorders

Authors
Basmadjian, Osvaldo Martin; Occhieppo, Victoria Belen; Marchese, Natalia Andrea; Baiardi, Gustavo Carlos; Bregonzio Diaz, Claudia
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The functioning of the central nervous system is complex and it implies tight and coordinated interactions among multiple components. Neurotransmitters systems imbalance is a hallmark in the central nervous system (CNS) disorders. These pathologies profoundly impact the social, cultural, and economic perspective worldwide. The etiopathology of CNS illnesses is still poorly understood, making their treatment difficult. Brain angiotensin II (Ang II), through its AT1 receptors, modulates dopaminergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission, which are responsible for movement control, cognition, emotions and stress responses. Alterations of these functions, concomitant with modified brain reninangiotensin system (RAS) components, have been described in CNS pathologies like depression, Parkinson, Alzheimer, and schizophrenia. In this sense, altered functionality of angiotensin I converting enzyme and AT1 receptors, is associated with augmented susceptibility to the occurrence of these pathologies. Moreover, some epidemiological data showed lower incidence of Alzheimer disease in hypertensive patients under treatment targeting RAS; meanwhile preclinical studies relate RAS with Parkinson and depression. Little is known about schizophrenia and RAS; however, Ang II is closely related to dopamine and glutamate pathways, which are mainly altered in this pathology. Conclusion: The available evidences, together with the results obtained by our group, open the possibility to postulate brain Ang II as a possible therapeutic target to treat the above-mentioned CNS disorders.
Fil: Basmadjian, Osvaldo Martin. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba; Argentina
Fil: Occhieppo, Victoria Belen. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba; Argentina
Fil: Marchese, Natalia Andrea. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba; Argentina
Fil: Baiardi, Gustavo Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas y Tecnológicas. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas y Tecnológicas; Argentina
Fil: Bregonzio Diaz, Claudia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Farmacología Experimental de Córdoba; Argentina
Subject
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
AMPHETAMINE SENSITIZATION
ANGIOTENSIN II
AT1 RECEPTORS
DEPRESSION
PARKINSON'S DISEASE
SCHIZOPHRENIA
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/59143