Leukotriene C4 increases the susceptibility of adult mice to Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli infection

Authors
Cabrera, Gabriel; Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena; Mejias, María Pilar; Ramos, Maria Victoria; Abrey Recalde, Maria Jimena; Vanzulli, Silvia; Vermeulen, Elba Monica; Palermo, Marina Sandra
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
tShiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a food-borne pathogen that causes hemorrhagic colitis.Under some circumstances, Shiga toxin (Stx) produced within the intestinal tract enters the bloodstream,leading to systemic complications that may cause the potentially fatal hemolytic-uremic syndrome(HUS). Despite STEC human infection is characterized by acute inflammation of the colonic mucosa,little is known regarding the role of proinflammatory mediators like cysteine leukotrienes (cysLTs) inthis pathology. Thus, the aim of this work was to analyze whether leukotriene C4 (LTC4) influences STECpathogenesis in mice. We report that exogenous LTC4 pretreatment severely affected the outcome of STECgastrointestinal infection. LTC4-pretreated (LTC4+) and STEC-infected (STEC+) mice showed an increasedintestinal damage by histological studies, and a decreased survival compared to LTC4-non-pretreated(LTC4−) and STEC+ mice. LTC4+/STEC+ mice that died after the infection displayed neutrophilia andhigh urea levels, indicating that the cause of death was related to Stx2-toxicity. Despite the differencesobserved in the survival between LTC4+ and LTC4− mice after STEC infection, both groups showed thesame survival after Stx2-intravenous inoculation. In addition, LTC4 pretreatment increased the perme-ability of mucosal intestinal barrier, as assessed by FITC-dextran absorption experiments. Altogetherthese results suggest that LTC4 detrimental effect on STEC infection is related to the increased passageof pathogenic factors to the bloodstream.Finally, we showed that STEC infection per se increases the endogenous LTC4 levels in the gut, suggestingthat this inflammatory mediator plays a role in the pathogenicity of STEC infection in mice, mainly bydisrupting the mucosal epithelial barrier.
Fil: Cabrera, Gabriel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Mejias, María Pilar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Ramos, Maria Victoria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Abrey Recalde, Maria Jimena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Vanzulli, Silvia. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Vermeulen, Elba Monica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Palermo, Marina Sandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Subject
Leukotriene C4
STEC
Shiga toxin
hemolytic uremic syndrome
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Biología Celular, Microbiología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/42751