Diversity of teiid lizards from Gran Chaco and Western Cerrado (Squamata: Teiidae)

Authors
Arias, Federico José; Recoder, Renato; Alvarez de Avanza, Blanca Beatriz; Etchepare, Eduardo Gabriel; Quipildor, Angel Matías; Lobo Gaviola, Fernando Jose; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The Gran Chaco dry forest ecoregion corresponds to the southern portion of the South America diagonal belt of open formations, being one of the most threatened subtropical woodland savannas in the world. The area is still poorly known biologically and has been suffering with impressively high forest cover loss in the last 10 years. Integrating morphological and molecular data, we detected and describe a cryptic new species of lizard genus Ameivula endemic from the eastern part of this ecoregion, the called Humid Chaco. Ameivula apipensis sp nov. is characterised by a whitish brown vertebral stripe in adults and juveniles, a lateral field without ocelli and with overlapping spot, presence of an interfrontoparietal scale in 46.2% of the specimens, 12–17 femoral pores, an hemipenis without lateral sac, five xiphisternal ribs, and by a combination of meristic features as confirmed by discriminant analysis. The new species was recovered sister to a clade from Western Cerrado in our analysis, the first phylogenetic hypothesis for the Ameivula and Glaucomastix genera based on 1977 base pairs of three mitochondrial (12S, 16S and cyt-b) and one nuclear (c-mos) genes, including all the recognised species at the moment. Maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference recovered the monophyly of Ameivula and Glaucomastix with strong support. Reinforcing previous studies, our results suggest the presence of additional cryptic species in Ameivula from the Western Cerrado.
Fil: Arias, Federico José. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales. Cátedra de Anatomia Comparada; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Recoder, Renato. Universidade de Sao Paulo; Brasil
Fil: Alvarez de Avanza, Blanca Beatriz. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales y Agrimensura; Argentina
Fil: Etchepare, Eduardo Gabriel. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales y Agrimensura; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste; Argentina
Fil: Quipildor, Angel Matías. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales. Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA; Argentina
Fil: Lobo Gaviola, Fernando Jose. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales. Instituto de Bio y Geociencias del NOA; Argentina
Fil: Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut. Universidade de Sao Paulo; Brasil
Subject
AMEIVULA
CHACO AND CERRADO REGION
GLAUCOMASTIX
LIZARDS
TEIIDAE
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/63382