Comparing Moral Judgments of Patients With Frontotemporal Dementia and Frontal Stroke

Authors
Báez Buitrago, Sandra Jimena; Couto, Juan Blas Marcos; Torralva, Teresa; Sposato, Luciano; Huepe, David; Montañes, Patricia; Reyes, Pablo; Matallana, Diana; Vigliecca, Nora Silvana; Slachevsky, Andrea; Manes, Facundo Francisco; Ibanez, Agustin
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Importance Several clinical reports have stated that patients with prefrontal lesions or patients with the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia share social cognition impairments. Moral reasoning is impaired in both conditions but there have been few investigations that directly compare this domain in the 2 groups. Observations This work compared the moral judgments of these patient groups using a task designed to disentangle the contributions of intentions and outcomes in moral judgment. For both disorders, patients judged scenarios where the protagonists believed that they would cause harm but did not as being more permissible than the control group. Moreover, patients with frontotemporal dementia judged harmful outcomes in the absence of harmful intentions as less permissible than the control participants. There were no differences between the 2 conditions. Conclusions and Relevance Both disorders involved impairments in integrating intention and outcome information for moral judgment. This study was the first, to our knowledge, to directly compare a social cognition domain in 2 frontal pathologies with different etiology. Our results highlighted the importance of comparing patients with vascular lesions and patients with neurodegenerative diseases
Fil: Báez Buitrago, Sandra Jimena. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina "Santa María de los Buenos Aires"; Argentina
Fil: Couto, Juan Blas Marcos. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Torralva, Teresa. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile
Fil: Sposato, Luciano. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Western University; Estados Unidos
Fil: Huepe, David. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile
Fil: Montañes, Patricia. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia; Colombia
Fil: Reyes, Pablo. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia
Fil: Matallana, Diana. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana; Colombia
Fil: Vigliecca, Nora Silvana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Facultad de Filosofia y Humanidades; Argentina
Fil: Slachevsky, Andrea. Hospital del Salvador. Santiago; Chile. Clínica Alemana. Santiago; Chile. Universidad de Chile; Chile
Fil: Manes, Facundo Francisco. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Disorders; Australia
Fil: Ibanez, Agustin. Universidad Favaloro; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Disorders; Australia. Universidad Autonoma del Caribe. Barranquilla; Colombia
Subject
Moral judgments
Vascular lesions
Neurodegenerative diseases
Frontotemporal dementia
Psicología
Psicología
CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/29436