Effect of L-malic and citric acids metabolism on the essential amino acid requirements for Oenococcus oeni growth

Authors
Saguir de Zucal, Fabiana Maria; Manca, Maria Cristina
Publication Year
2002
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Aims: The purpose of this work was to study the effect of L-malic and/or citric acids on Oenococcus oeni m growth in deficient nutritional conditions, and their roles as possible biosynthetic precursors of the essential amino acids. Methods and Results: Bacterial cultures were performed in synthetic media. Bacterial growth rate was reduced or annulled when one amino acid was omitted from basal medium, especially for members of aspartate family, except lysine. The organic acids increased or restored the growth rates to the respective reference values. In each medium deficient in one essential amino acid, the L-malic acid utilization was accompanied by an increase of L-lactic acid concentration and accounted for approximately 100% L-malic acid consumed. D-Lactic acid formation from glucose decreased in the medium without cysteine. Except for tyrosine, the recovery of glucose-citrate as D-lactic acid was lower than in the complete medium when asparagine, isoleucine or cysteine were excluded. The ethanol and acetate production was not modified. Conclusions: L-Malic and citric acids favoured Oenococcus oeni m growth in nutritional stress conditions. Specifically citric acid was involved in the biosynthesis of the aspartate-derived essential amino acids and glucose in the cysteine biosynthesis. Significance and Impact of the Study: Such beneficial effect of L-malic and citric acids on amino acids requirements of Oenococcus oeni m have great significance considering the low amino acids concentration in wine.
Fil: Saguir de Zucal, Fabiana Maria. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Manca, Maria Cristina. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Subject
ORGANOC ACIDS
METABOLISM
AMINO ACIDS REQUIREMENTS
OENOCOCCUS OENI
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/56112