In vitro plant regeneration and cryopreservation of Arachis glabrata (Fabaceae) using leaflet explants

Authors
Dolce, Natalia Raquel; Faloci, Mirta Mabel; González, Ana María
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Arachis glabrata Benth (perennial peanut) is a rhizomatous legume with high forage value and great potential for soil conservation as well as it displays valuable plant genetic resources for the cultivated edible peanut improvement. In this study, we developed for the first time successful protocols for micropropagation and cryopreservation of A. glabrata. First fully expanded leaflets from greenhouse-growing plants were efficiently established in vitro (93%) and displayed high frequency of bud induction (58%) on MS medium with 6 mg L−1 1-fenil-3-(1,2,3-tiadiazol-5-il)urea [TDZ]. Whole plant regeneration was achieved via direct organogenesis by transferring the induced buds to MS media. Immature unexpanded leaves from micropropagated plants were effectively cryopreserved by using the droplet-vitrification technique. Maximum survival (~ 70%) and further regeneration (60?67%) were obtained by preconditioning immature leaves on semisolid MS with 0.3 M sucrose (1 d), exposing to loading solution consisting of 0.4 M sucrose plus 2 M glycerol (30 min) followed by glycerol-sucrose plant vitrification solution PVS3 (150 min in ice), and direct plunging into liquid nitrogen in droplets of PVS3 deposited on cryoplates. Tissues were rewarmed by plunging the aluminum foils directly in liquid MS enriched with 1.2 M sucrose (15 min) at room temperature. Growth recovery and plant regeneration were efficiently achieved via shoot organogenesis, and somatic embryogenesis by culturing cryostored explants on MS added with 6 mg L−1 TDZ. Genetic stability of plants derived from cryopreserved leaves was confirmed by random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. The protocols established in this study have great potential for rapid multiplication and conservation of selected A. glabrata genotypes.
Fil: Dolce, Natalia Raquel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste; Argentina
Fil: Faloci, Mirta Mabel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste; Argentina
Fil: González, Ana María. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste; Argentina
Subject
Arachis
peanut
in vitro
regeneration
Shoot organogenesis
Somatic embryogenesis
Thidiazuron
Droplet-vitrification
Genetic stability
Perennial peanut
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/41318