Cultivo bioprotector para productos cárnicos cocidos: evaluación del efecto de sales

Authors
Herman, Cristian; Alvarez, Ornella Estefanía; Cayre, María Elisa; Castro, Marcela Paola; Vignolo, Graciela Margarita; Garro, Oscar Alfredo
Publication Year
2014
Language
Spanish
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The preservation of meat products is increasingly directed towards biocontrol using bacteriocinogenic Lactobacillus species as protective cultures to inhibit the growth of undesirable microorganisms. However, food preservation using in situ bacteriocin production requires an adequate knowledge of the relationship between cell growth and bacteriocin production as a function of the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that prevail in the food matrix. The aim of this work was to evaluate the combined effect of NaCl and NaNO2 concentrations, under refrigeration (7°C), on the antimicrobial activity of Lactobacillus curvatus 409 a strain isolated from artisanal bologna type sausage, which showed good properties as a bioprotective culture in cooked meat products. A central composite design (22 + star) was applied, being the independent variables: NaCl concentration (0.2, 1, 3, 5 and 5.8 % w/v) and NaNO2 concentration (6, 35, 105, 175 and 204 mg/L). Cell growth was tested on MRS broth supplemented with the aforementioned additives assessing optical density measurements at 600nm for 192 hours. Antimicrobial activity against Listeria innocua was carried out by means of the agar well diffusion assay and expressed as arbitrary units per ml (AU/ml). Time needed to reach the highest antimicrobial activity was used as response variable. L. curvatus 409 was able to grow and produce antimicrobial substances under all conditions tested. Analysis of results indicated that the linear effect of NaCl and NaNO2 had a significant effect on response variable. An increase in salts concentrations drove to an increase in the time necessary to reach the highest activity. Values found were in the range between 148 and 192 hours. The influence of NaNO2 resulted less pronounced when compared to NaCl. In addition, the higher the concentrations of NaCl and NaNO2, the lower the values of maximum activity. These values varied between a minimum of 50 UA/ml and a maximum of 400 UA/ml. The interaction effect between NaCl and NaNO2 was significant indicating that high NaCl concentrations together with high NaNO2 concentrations have a greater impact on time than with low NaNO2 concentrations. The results suggest that the effectiveness of L. curvatus 409 as a protective culture for cooked meat products could be affected by NaCl and NaNO2 concentrations, additives inherent to these products. Despite this fact, L. curvatus 409 could be a valuable additional hurdle in the preservation of cooked meat products. Further studies have to be carried out to evaluate this strain behavior in the control of Listeria spp in these products.
Fil: Herman, Cristian. Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Alvarez, Ornella Estefanía. Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral. Departamento de Ciencias Basicas y Aplicadas. Laboratorio de Microbiología de Alimentos; Argentina
Fil: Cayre, María Elisa. Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral. Departamento de Ciencias Basicas y Aplicadas. Laboratorio de Microbiología de Alimentos; Argentina
Fil: Castro, Marcela Paola. Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral. Departamento de Ciencias Basicas y Aplicadas. Laboratorio de Microbiología de Alimentos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Vignolo, Graciela Margarita. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Fil: Garro, Oscar Alfredo. Universidad Nacional del Chaco Austral. Departamento de Ciencias Basicas y Aplicadas. Laboratorio de Microbiología de Alimentos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste; Argentina
Subject
CULTIVOS PROTECTORES
SALCHICHAS TIPO VIENA
CLORURO DE SODIO
NITRITO DE SODIO
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/29043