Molecular cytogenetic insights into the evolution of the epiphytic genus Lepismium (Cactaceae) and related genera

Authors
Moreno, Natalia Cecilia; Amarilla, Leonardo; Las Peñas, Maria Laura; Bernardello, Gabriel Luis Mario
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Changes in chromosome structure and number play an important role in plant evolution. This was investigated in the Neotropical epiphytic cacti: all Lepismium spp. and some related Rhipsalis spp. Both genera have species with disjunct distributions between the paranas of south-eastern Brazil and north-eastern Argentina and the yungas forests of the eastern Andes. Karyotypes, fluorescent banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies using rDNA probes were performed. A time-calibrated phylogenetic tree was generated to place the karyological information and biogeographical history in an explicit evolutionary context. All species were 2n = 22 and showed symmetrical karyotypes comprising only metacentric chromosomes of similar sizes. The heterochromatin bands were always associated with chromosome satellites coinciding with the location and number of the 18S?5.8S?26S rDNA loci. The 5S rDNA loci had more heterogeneous profiles with one or two loci per haploid genome. Phylogenetic analysis suggested an ancient duplication event of the 5S rDNA loci and more recent post-speciation translocation and deletion events. These genome restructurings are estimated to have occurred approximately 13.98 Mya in the middle Miocene, after Lepismium and Rhipsalis diverged. The ancestor of Lepismium may have had a similar karyotype to L. lumbricoides and the Rhipsalis spp. (i.e. one 5S locus on chromosome 2). Both genera hypothetically originated in the yungas (north-eastern Argentina and southern Bolivia), but diversification of the Lepismium crown group probably originated from populations with duplicated 5S loci in the parana forests of south-eastern Brazil (8.70 Mya in the late Miocene). Two migration events between the yungas and parana forests were suggested to explain the extant distribution of Lepismium spp. These results make Lepismium a model system for the study of the complex chromosomal evolution in plants.
Fil: Moreno, Natalia Cecilia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Fil: Amarilla, Leonardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Fil: Las Peñas, Maria Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Fil: Bernardello, Gabriel Luis Mario. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Subject
18S–5.8S–26S AND 5S RIBOSOMAL GENES
DIVERGENCE TIME
HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY
KARYOTYPE
MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY
NEOTROPICAL FLORA
PFFEIFERA
RHIPSALIS
Ciencias de las Plantas, Botánica
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/15831