Invasive polychaete Boccardia proboscidea Hartman, 1940 (Polychaeta: Spionidae) in sewage-impacted areas of the SW Atlantic coasts: morphological and reproductive patterns

Authors
Jaubet, Maria Lourdes; Garaffo, Griselda Valeria; Vallarino, Eduardo Alberto; Elias, Rodolfo
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Boccardia proboscidea is an alien polychaete species that has been introduced to the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean. This polychaete species has invaded intertidal benthic rocky shores, and builds reefs formed by thousands of individuals per square meter with densities up to 1,500,000 ind.·m−2 in organically impacted sites. This phenomenon was first recorded in Argentina in 2008. This is the first comprehensive study on the morphology, habitat and reproductive biology of B. proboscidea associated with the sewage-induced abrasion platforms on the Argentinean coasts. Adult morphology of B. proboscidea from Mar del Plata is described and a comparison with material from other locations is made. Results showed that B. proboscidea from Mar del Plata, Argentina share the same diagnostic features as those of the individuals from the original description (California). Moreover, the results also indicated that the reproduction of this species involves a poecilogonous development (production of more than one type of offspring with both kinds of larvae) and implicates adelphophagy (nurse egg ingestion). Patterns of larval development varied both within a single brood and among broods of different females. Continuous reproduction of B. proboscidea coupled with a continuous supply of organic matter could explain the possible mechanism that led to the development of reefs.
Fil: Jaubet, Maria Lourdes. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencia Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Fil: Garaffo, Griselda Valeria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencia Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Fil: Vallarino, Eduardo Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencia Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Fil: Elias, Rodolfo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencia Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Subject
Boccardia proboscidea
morphology
poecilogony
strategy reproductive
SWAtlantic
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/35278