Quantification of the Genetic Expression of bgl-A, bgl, and CspA and Enzymatic Characterization of β-Glucosidases from Shewanella sp. G5

Authors
Cristobal, Hector Antonio; Poma, Hugo Ramiro; Abate, Carlos Mauricio; Rajal, Verónica Beatriz
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Shewanella sp. G5, a psychrotolerant marine bacterium, has a cold-shock protein (CspA) and three β-glucosidases, two of which were classified in the glycosyl hydrolase families 1 and 3 and are encoded by bgl-A and bgl genes, respectively. Shewanella sp. G5 was cultured on Luria-Bertani (LB) and Mineral Medium Brunner (MMB) media with glucose and cellobiose at various temperatures and pH 6 and 8. Relative quantification of the expression levels of all three genes was studied by real-time PCR with the comparative Ct method (2-ΔΔCt) using the gyrB housekeeping gene as a normalizer. Results showed that the genes had remarkably different genetic expression levels under the conditions evaluated, with increased expression of all genes obtained on MMB with cellobiose at 30 °C. Specific growth rate and specific β-glucosidase activity were also determined for all the culture conditions. Shewanella sp. G5 was able to grow on both media at 4 °C, showing the maximum specific growth rate on LB with cellobiose at 37 °C. The specific β-glucosidase activity obtained on MMB with cellobiose at 30 °C was 25 to 50 % higher than for all other conditions. At pH 8, relative activity was 34, 60, and 63 % higher at 30 °C than at 10 °C, with three peaks at 10, 25, and 37 °C on both media. Enzyme activity increased by 61 and 47 % in the presence of Ca2+ and by 24 and 31 % in the presence of Mg2+ on LB and MMB at 30 °C, respectively, but it was totally inhibited by Hg2+, Cu2+, and EDTA. Moreover, this activity was slightly decreased by SDS, Zn2+, and DTT, all at 5 mM. Ethanol (14 % v/v) and glucose (100 mM) also reduced the activity by 63 and 60 %, respectively.
Fil: Cristobal, Hector Antonio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química; Argentina
Fil: Poma, Hugo Ramiro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química; Argentina
Fil: Abate, Carlos Mauricio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucumán. Planta Piloto de Procesos Industriales Microbiológicos; Argentina
Fil: Rajal, Verónica Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Salta. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química. Universidad Nacional de Salta. Facultad de Ingeniería. Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Química; Argentina
Subject
BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
MARINE BACTERIA
REAL-TIME PCR
SHEWANELLA
Β-GLUCOSIDASES
Biotecnología Industrial
Biotecnología Industrial
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/61295