An improvement of the sensitivity of GPS radio occultation data to detect gravity waves through observational and modeling factors

Authors
Alexander, Pedro Manfredo; de la Torre, Alejandro; Hierro, Rodrigo Federico; Llamedo Soria, Pablo Martin
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
There is a mid-latitude region to the East of the Andes Range in the Southern Hemisphere that exhibits ideal conditions for the generation of gravity waves (GW) by topography mainly during winter. The configuration favors the generation of wavefronts that are parallel to the North–South direction. Global Positioning System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) retrievals from the COSMIC (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate) mission exhibit in a large proportion of the soundings an orientation which should be favorable to the detection of these wavefronts. We try to verify if this GW activity surplus on the East with respect to the West in the studied zone in winter emerges clearly in the GPS RO data between years 2007 and 2012. We argue that the orientation of the soundings but also the mathematical model selected to represent the GW energy distribution can affect the possibility of detecting the signatures of the waves. In particular, we explore a new interpretation of the GW energy distribution observed by GPS RO at the lowest values, as they stay below the precision limit of the technique. We suggest to replace that part of the measured distribution by an exponential curve that in general suits the trend of all the other observed energies. In following this alternative it is shown that the calculated mountain wave activity in the studied sector is now even more clearly larger in the East than in the West during winter. Finally, we consider that energy distributions observed with any measurement technique should in general not be considered as the solely contribution from waves, as also other variable phenomena may be adding to the final outcome.
Fil: Alexander, Pedro Manfredo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: de la Torre, Alejandro. Universidad Austral. Facultad de Ingeniería; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Hierro, Rodrigo Federico. Universidad Austral. Facultad de Ingeniería; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Llamedo Soria, Pablo Martin. Universidad Austral. Facultad de Ingeniería; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
GRAVITY WAVES
RADIO OCCULTATION
ENERGY DISTRIBUTION
Meteorología y Ciencias Atmosféricas
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/43784