Folding kinetics of the cooperatively folded subdomain of the IκBα ankyrin repeat domain

Authors
Devries, Ingrid; Ferreiro, Diego; Sánchez Miguel, Ignacio Enrique; Komives, Elizabeth A.
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The ankyrin repeat (AR) domain of IκBα consists of a cooperative folding unit of roughly four ARs (AR1-AR4) and of two weakly folded repeats (AR5 and AR6). The kinetic folding mechanism of the cooperative subdomain, IκBα 67-206, was analyzed using rapid mixing techniques. Despite its apparent architectural simplicity, IκBα 67-206 displays complex folding kinetics, with two sequential on-pathway high-energy intermediates. The effect of mutations to or away from the consensus sequences of ARs on folding behavior was analyzed, particularly the GXTPLHLA motif, which have not been examined in detail previously. Mutations toward the consensus generally resulted in an increase in folding stability, whereas mutations away from the consensus resulted in decreased overall stability. We determined the free energy change upon mutation for three sequential transition state ensembles along the folding route for 16 mutants. We show that folding initiates with the formation of the interface of the outer helices of AR3 and AR4, and then proceeds to consolidate structure in these repeats. Subsequently, AR1 and AR2 fold in a concerted way in a single kinetic step. We show that this mechanism is robust to the presence of AR5 and AR6 as they do not strongly affect the folding kinetics. Overall, the protein appears to fold on a rather smooth energy landscape, where the folding mechanism conforms a one-dimensional approximation. However, we note that the AR does not necessarily act as a single folding element. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Fil: Devries, Ingrid. University of California at San Diego; Estados Unidos
Fil: Ferreiro, Diego. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Sánchez Miguel, Ignacio Enrique. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Komives, Elizabeth A.. University of California at San Diego; Estados Unidos
Subject
Α VALUE; FOLDING LANDSCAPENFΚB
PROTEIN FOLDING
REPEAT PROTEIN
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/66443