A novel genetic engineering platform for the effective management of biological contaminants for the production of microalgae

Authors
Loera Quesada, Maribel; Leyva González, Marco Antonio; Velázquez Juárez, Gilberto; Sánchez Calderón, Lenín; Do Nascimento, Mauro; López Arredondo, Damar; Herrera Estrella, Luis
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Microalgal cultivation that takes advantage of solar energy is one of the most cost-effective systems for the biotechnological production of biofuels, and a range of high value products, including pharmaceuticals, fertilizers and feed. However, one of the main constraints for the cultivation of microalgae is the potential contamination with biological pollutants, such as bacteria, fungi, zooplankton or other undesirable microalgae. In closed bioreactors, the control of contamination requires the sterilization of the media, containers and all materials, which increases the cost of production, whereas open pond systems severely limits the number of species that can be cultivated under extreme environmental conditions to prevent contaminations. Here, we report the metabolic engineering of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to use phosphite as its sole phosphorus source by expressing the ptxD gene from Pseudomonas stutzeri WM88, which encodes a phosphite oxidoreductase able to oxidize phosphite into phosphate using NAD as a cofactor. Engineered C. reinhardtii lines are capable of becoming the dominant species in a mixed culture when fertilized with phosphite as a sole phosphorus source. Our results represent a new platform for the production of microalgae, potentially useful for both closed photobioreactors and open pond systems without the need for using sterile conditions nor antibiotics or herbicides to prevent contamination with biological pollutants.
Fil: Loera Quesada, Maribel. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Unidad de Genómica Avanzada. Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad; México
Fil: Leyva González, Marco Antonio. StelaGenomics; México
Fil: Velázquez Juárez, Gilberto. StelaGenomics; México
Fil: Sánchez Calderón, Lenín. StelaGenomics; México
Fil: Do Nascimento, Mauro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones En Biodiversidad y Biotecnología; Argentina. Fundación para Investigaciones Biológicas Aplicadas; Argentina
Fil: López Arredondo, Damar. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Unidad de Genómica Avanzada. Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad; México
Fil: Herrera Estrella, Luis. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Unidad de Genómica Avanzada. Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad; México
Subject
Microalgae
ptxd
Contaminant management
Biofuels
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Bioproductos, Biomateriales, Bioplásticos, Biocombustibles, Bioderivados, etc.
Biotecnología Industrial
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/19974