Sr-Isotope chronostratigraphy of Paleogene-Neogene marine deposits: Austral Basin, southern Patagonia (Argentina)

Authors
Parras, Ana Maria; Dix, George R.; Griffin, Miguel
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The Paleogene to Neogene San Julián and Monte León formations underlie the central and eastern parts of the Austral Basin (Patagonia, Argentina), and represent coastal plain to shallow shelf systems within a retroarc foreland basin east of the Andes. The formations are characterized by prominent occurrences of thin densely compacted fossil concentrations, including the large oyster Crassostrea? hatcheri. Formation ages have been problematic given macrofaunal provincialism effectively precluding precise extrabasinal correlations. A Sr-isotope chronostratigraphy based on fossil shell calcite from oysters, pectinids and brachiopods is presented for a regional NE-SW-oriented transect extending 200 km along strike of the Austral Basin. The Paleogene-Neogene boundary (23 Ma) may occur within the uppermost San Julián Formation (22.68 Ma, with a range between 22.22 and 23.22 Ma), coincident with a prominent glauconitic interval, or in a meteorically altered erosional paleosurface that caps this formation and may correlate with an eustatic sea level fall coincident with the global boundary. The younger Monte León Formation is entirely of early Neogene (Aquitanian to early Burdigalian) age, with ages of 22.12 Ma (21.68-22.58) at the base to 17.91 Ma (17.51-18.29) at the top. The proposed new chronostratigraphic framework forms a foundation for future differentiation of local, regional, and global sedimentary patterns in the Austral Basin during the Paleogene/Neogene transition; in particular, with contemporaneous basins and tectonic blocks across the southern polar region, such as in Australia, New Zealand, and Antarctica.
Fil: Parras, Ana Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra y Ambientales de La Pampa; Argentina
Fil: Dix, George R.. Carleton University; Canadá
Fil: Griffin, Miguel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo. División Paleozoología Invertebrados; Argentina
Subject
AUSTRAL BASIN
MONTE LEÓN FORMATION
PALEOGENE-NEOGENE BOUNDARY
PATAGONIA
SAN JULIÁN FORMATION
SR-ISOTOPE ANALYSIS
Geología
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/81541