Liver nuclear and microsomal CYP2E1-mediated metabolism of xenobiotics in rats chronically drinking an alcohol-containing liquid diet

Authors
Diaz Gomez, Maria Isabel; Fanelli, Silvia Laura; Delgado, Aurora Maria; Castro, Jose Alberto; Castro, Gerardo Daniel
Publication Year
2006
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
In previous studies from our laboratory, the presence in highly purified liver nuclei of metabolic pathways for processing ethanol (EtOH); N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA); carbon tetrachloride and chloroform was reported. All these chemicals are known to be metabolized in liver microsomes, via CYP2E1-mediated processes. In the present work we checked whether rat liver nuclei from rats chronically drinking an alcohol containing liquid diet, exhibited an enhanced ability to metabolize chemicals known to require CYP2E1 participation for given metabolic transformations. The NADPH-requiring metabolism of p-nitrophenol to p-nitrocathecol; the activation of carbon tetrachloride to trichloromethyl radicals, covalently binding to proteins; and the ring hydroxylation of aniline and o-toluidine were studied. Comparison of the obtained nuclear activities against the one present in the microsomal counterpart, and their respective response of them to the EtOH inductive effect after repetitive exposure to it, was studied. The obtained results showed that rat liver nuclei exhibited p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity smaller than the one present in microsomes but inducible by repetitive alcohol drinking to equivalent levels of those of microsomes from control animals. Nuclei exhibited the ability to activate CCl4 that was significantly enhanced by alcohol drinking. Aniline was ring hydroxylated in liver microsomes but not in nuclei from either control or EtOH treated animals. In contrast, nuclei and microsomes metabolized o-toluidine to ring hydroxylated products. They are considered less toxic in nature but other authors reported a genotoxic effect for one of them. The production of the ring hydroxylated metabolites was enhanced by repetitive EtOH drinking. Results suggest that nuclear metabolism of xenobiotics might be relevant for either activations or detoxications mediated by CYP2E1 and that repetitive exposure to EtOH might significantly modulate those processes.
Fil: Diaz Gomez, Maria Isabel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Gp.citefa - Centro de Investigaciones Toxicológicas (i); Argentina
Fil: Fanelli, Silvia Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Gp.citefa - Centro de Investigaciones Toxicológicas (i); Argentina
Fil: Delgado, Aurora Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Gp.citefa - Centro de Investigaciones Toxicológicas (i); Argentina
Fil: Castro, Jose Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Gp.citefa - Centro de Investigaciones Toxicológicas (i); Argentina
Fil: Castro, Gerardo Daniel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Gp.citefa - Centro de Investigaciones Toxicológicas (i); Argentina
Subject
ethanol
nuclei
NEMS
CYP2E1
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/28442