Alcohol hangover: impairments in behavior and bioenergetics in Central Nervous System

Authors
Karadayian, Analia Graciela; Bustamante, Juanita; Lores Arnaiz, Silvia
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Alcohol hangover (AH) is defined as the temporary state after alcohol binge-like drinking, starting when EtOH is absent in plasma. Results from our laboratory have shown behavioral impairments and mitochondrial dysfunction in an experimental model of AH in mice. Our model consisted in a single i.p. injection of EtOH (3.8 g/kg BW) or saline solution in male and female mice, sacrificing the animals 6 hours after injection. Motor and affective behavior together with mitochondrial function and free radical production were evaluated in brain cortex and cerebellum during AH. Results showed that hangover animals exhibited a significant reduction in neuromuscular coordination, motor strength and locomotion together with a loss of gait stability and walking deficiencies. Moreover, an increment in anxiety-like behavior together with fear-related phenotype and depression signs were observed. In relation to bioenergetics metabolism, AH induced a reduction in oxygen uptake, inhibition of respiratory complexes, changes in mitochondrial membrane permeability, decrease in transmembrane potential, increase in O2 •- and H2O2 production and impairment in nitric oxide metabolism. All together our data suggest that the physiopathological state of AH involves behavioral impairments and mitochondrial dysfunction in mouse brain cortex and cerebellum showing the long lasting effects of acute EtOH exposure in CNS.
Fil: Karadayian, Analia Graciela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular; Argentina
Fil: Bustamante, Juanita. Universidad Abierta Interamericana. Facultad de Medicina. Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias de la Salud; Argentina
Fil: Lores Arnaiz, Silvia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular; Argentina
Subject
ALCOHOL HANGOVER
MOTOR PERFORMANCE
CEREBRAL CORTEX
FREE RADICALS
Salud Ocupacional
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/48309