NMR Spectroscopic Parameters of Molecular Systems with Strong Hydrogen Bonds

Authors
Zarycz, Maria Natalia Cristina; Aucar, Gustavo Adolfo; Della Védova, Carlos Omar
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
A series of closed H-bonded molecules that have (or not) delocalized bonds were studied. The dependence of both NMR spectroscopic parameters σ and J-couplings, and also the energy stability of such molecules with H-bond strength, were analyzed. The selected basic geometrical structure was that of malonaldehyde. From its full optimized geometry, the corresponding geometry of 3-OH propanal was obtained, fixing either the d(O-O) distance or a more extended local geometry and then optimizing the other part of the whole structure. Nitromalonaldehyde and nitromalonamide were also studied because they should have stronger H-bonds and their basic structure is also malonaldehyde. The last one also has electronic effects that may be varied by rotating the amino groups. By doing this it is possible to show that the effects on acidity of donors are more important than the equivalent effects on the basicity of acceptors. It is also shown that J-couplings that involve atoms close to the H-bond have important noncontact contributions that must be included in order to reproduce total J values. Noncontact contributions are more important than the Fermi contact (FC) one for J(O-O) in malonaldehyde. In nitromalonamide all three terms, FC, paramagnetic spin-orbital, and spin-dipolar are of the same order of magnitude when both amino groups are rotated. This does not happen for its planar configuration. Nuclear magnetic shielding of the hydrogen belonging to the H-bond is quite sensitive to it. The magnetic behavior of such hydrogen atom is modified when it is part of a closed H-bonded molecule. Then a relationship between the H-bond strength with the paramagnetic contributions of the shieldings of both atoms, C and O of the donor substructure, was obtained. We have found a cubic correlation between σp (C) of the C-O donor bond with σ (H) of the H-bonded hydrogen. It is observed that both the noncontact J-coupling contributions and shieldings on atoms belonging to the donor substructure, give a clear evidence about the presence of the resonance phenomenon in the model compounds that have been studied, malonaldehyde, nitromalonaldehyde, and nitromalonamide.
Fil: Zarycz, Maria Natalia Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste. Instituto de Modelado e Innovación Tecnológica. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Naturales y Agrimensura. Instituto de Modelado e Innovación Tecnológica; Argentina
Fil: Aucar, Gustavo Adolfo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Nordeste. Instituto de Modelado e Innovación Tecnológica. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Naturales y Agrimensura. Instituto de Modelado e Innovación Tecnológica; Argentina
Fil: Della Védova, Carlos Omar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - La Plata. Centro de Química Inorgánica "Dr. Pedro J. Aymonino". Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Centro de Química Inorgánica "Dr. Pedro J. Aymonino"; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Departamento de Química. Laboratorio de Servicios a la Industria y al Sistema Científico; Argentina
Subject
RAHB
STRONG HYDROGEN BONDS
NMR SPECTROSCOPY
J COUPLINGS
Física Atómica, Molecular y Química
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/77871