Coastal and interior Douglas-fir provenances differ in growth performance and response to drought episodes at adult age

Authors
Sergent, Anne Sophie; Bréda, Nathalie; Sanchez, Leopoldo; Bastien, Jean Charles; Rozenberg, Philippe
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Context: Since the 2003 drought and heat wave, Douglas-fir dieback has been reported in France in trees older than 30 years. Consequently, it is questioned whether selected Douglas-fir provenances are suited to the frequent and severe drought events which are forecast due to climate change. Aims: Our objective was to contribute to the screening of variability in productivity and growth response to soil-water deficit of mature trees from provenances not currently used for plantation in France. Methods: We sampled 22 provenances, including coastal and interior Douglas-fir, covering a wide part of its natural distribution, from Oregon to California for coastal provenances and from British Columbia to New Mexico for interior provenances. These provenances were planted at the mid 1970s in two provenance trials located in the south-west area of France. Variability of productivity, of wood density, and of radial growth in response to drought episodes among provenances was quantified and related to soil-water deficit computed by daily water balance calculations. Results: Whatever the provenance, annual radial growth is highly dependent on local soil-water deficit (Felines R 2 = 0.57, Le Treps R2 = 0.49). Radial growth and wood properties exhibit large differences between provenances at 30 years old. Variability between provenances for all wood characteristics studied is mainly structured geographically. Coastal provenances perform best for productivity at 30 years old (619 cm2 ± 59), and exhibit a small growth reduction in 2004, the second successive year of drought (−10.7 % ± 3.8). Surprisingly, the southern interior provenances from the driest environments in the natural range show a large growth reduction in 2004 (−30.5 % ± 5.2). Conclusions: The provenances tested exhibited significant differences in growth performance and growth reduction induced by the soil-water deficit. The approach coupling retrospective analysis of radial growth on mature trees and water balance modelling is relevant for evaluating provenance adaptation to more frequent or severe drought episodes.
Fil: Sergent, Anne Sophie. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Bréda, Nathalie. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia. Université de Lorraine; Francia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Sanchez, Leopoldo. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Bastien, Jean Charles. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Rozenberg, Philippe. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Subject
PROVENANCES
WATER BALANCE
DROUGHT
WOOD DENSITY
DOUGLAS-FIR
RADIAL GROWTH
Agricultura
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/32885