Interleukin-10 and interferon-γ modulate surface expression of fractalkine-receptor (CX3CR1) via PI3K in monocytes

Authors
Ramos, Maria Victoria; Fernández, Gabriela Cristina; Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena; Panek, Cecilia Analía; Bentancor, Leticia Verónica; Landoni, Verónica Inés; Isturiz, Martín Amadeo; Palermo, Marina Sandra
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The membrane-anchored form of the chemokine fractalkine (CX3CL1) has been identified as a novel adhesion molecule that interacts with its specific receptor (CX3CR1) expressed in monocytes, T cells and natural killer cells to induce adhesion. In addition, CX3CL1 can be cleaved from the cell membrane to induce chemotaxis of CX3CR1- expressing leucocytes. Recently, marked variations in CX3CR1 monocyte expression have been observed during several pathological conditions. Regulation of CX3CR1 in monocytes during basal or inflammatory/anti-inflammatory conditions is poorly understood. The aim of this study was therefore to examine CX3CR1 expression during monocyte maturation and the effect of soluble mediators on this process. We found that basal expression of CX3CR1 in fresh monocytes was reduced during culture, and that lipopolysacchairde accelerated this effect. In contrast, interleukin-10 and interferon-γ treatment abrogated CX3CR1 down-modulation, through a phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase-dependent pathway. Most importantly, CX3CR1 membrane expression correlated with monocyte CX3CL1-dependent function. Taken together, our data demonstrate that CX3CR1 expression in monocytes can be modulated, and suggest that alterations in their environment are able to influence CX3CL1- dependent functions, such as chemotaxis and adhesion, leading to changes in the kinetics, composition and/or functional status of the leucocyte infiltrate. © 2010 The Authors.
Fil: Ramos, Maria Victoria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Fernández, Gabriela Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Panek, Cecilia Analía. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Bentancor, Leticia Verónica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Landoni, Verónica Inés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Isturiz, Martín Amadeo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Palermo, Marina Sandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Leucemia Experimental; Argentina
Subject
CHEMOKINE RECEPTORS
CYTOKINES
HUMAN MACROPHAGES/MONOCYTES
INNATE IMMUNITY
SIGNALLING/SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/53000