Biochemical and molecular mechanisms involved in simultaneous phenol and Cr(VI) removal by Acinetobacter guillouiae SFC 500-1A

Authors
Ontañon, Ornella Mailén; González, Paola Solange; Agostini, Elizabeth
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Bioremediation has emerged as an environmental friendly strategy to deal with environmental pollution. Since the majority of polluted sites contain complex mixtures of inorganic and organic pollutants, it is important to find bacterial strains that can cope with multiple contaminants. In this work, a bacterial strain isolated from tannery sediments was identified as Acinetobacter guillouiae SFC 500-1A. This strain was able to simultaneously remove high phenol and Cr(VI) concentrations, and the mechanisms involved in such process were evaluated. The phenol biodegradation was catalized by a phenol-induced catechol 1,2-dioxygenase through an ortho-cleavage pathway. Also, NADH-dependent chromate reductase activity was measured in the cytosolic fraction. The ability of this strain to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III) was corroborated by detection of Cr(III) in cellular biomass after the removal process. While phenol did not affect significantly the chromate reductase activity, Cr(VI) was a major disruptor of catechol dioxygenase activity. Nevertheless, this activity was high even in presence of high Cr(VI) concentrations. Our results suggest the potential application of A. guillouiae SFC 500-1A for wastewaters treatment, and the obtained data provide the insights into the removal mechanisms, dynamics, and possible limitations of the bioremediation.
Fil: Ontañon, Ornella Mailén. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Biotecnología; Argentina
Fil: González, Paola Solange. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicoquímicas y Naturales. Departamento de Biología Molecular. Sección Química Biológica; Argentina
Fil: Agostini, Elizabeth. Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicoquímicas y Naturales. Departamento de Biología Molecular. Sección Química Biológica; Argentina
Subject
ACINETOBACTER
BIOREMEDIATION
CATECHOL DIOXYGENASE
CHROMATE REDUCTASES
CR(VI)
PHENOL
Meteorología y Ciencias Atmosféricas
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/59486