Progesterone up-regulates neuronal brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the injured spinal cord

Authors
Gonzalez, Susana Laura; Labombarda, Maria Florencia; Gonzalez Deniselle, Maria Claudia; Guennoun, Rachida; Schumacher, Michael; de Nicola, Alejandro Federico
Publication Year
2004
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Progesterone (PROG) provides neuroprotection to the injured central and peripheral nervous system. These effects may be due to regulation of myelin synthesis in glial cells and also to direct actions on neuronal function. Recent studies point to neurotrophins as possible mediators of hormone action. Here, we show that the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) at both the mRNA and protein levels was increased by PROG treatment in ventral horn motoneurons from rats with spinal cord injury (SCI). Semiquantitative in situ hybridization revealed that SCI reduced BDNF mRNA levels by 50% in spinal motoneurons (control: 53.5+/-7.5 grains/mm(2) vs. SCI: 27.5+/-1.2, P<0.05), while PROG administration to injured rats (4 mg/kg/day during 3 days, s.c.) elicited a three-fold increase in grain density (SCI+PROG: 77.8+/-8.3 grains/mm(2), P<0.001 vs. SCI). In addition, PROG enhanced BDNF immunoreactivity in motoneurons of the lesioned spinal cord. Analysis of the frequency distribution of immunoreactive densities (chi(2): 812.73, P<0.0001) showed that 70% of SCI+PROG motoneurons scored as dark stained whereas only 6% of neurons in the SCI group belonged to this density score category (P<0.001). PROG also prevented the lesion-induced chromatolytic degeneration of spinal cord motoneurons as determined by Nissl staining. In the normal intact spinal cord, PROG significantly increased BDNF inmunoreactivity in ventral horn neurons, without changes in mRNA levels. Our findings suggest that PROG enhancement of endogenous neuronal BDNF could provide a trophic environment within the lesioned spinal cord and might be part of the PROG activated-pathways to provide neuroprotection.
Fil: Gonzalez, Susana Laura. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Labombarda, Maria Florencia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Gonzalez Deniselle, Maria Claudia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina
Fil: Guennoun, Rachida. Inserm; Francia
Fil: Schumacher, Michael. Inserm; Francia
Fil: de Nicola, Alejandro Federico. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Subject
BDNF
INJURY
SPINAL CORD
PROGESTERONE
Neurociencias
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/29131