Description of Maunder-like events from a stochastic Alpha–Omega model

Authors
Gomez, Daniel Osvaldo; Mininni, Pablo Daniel
Publication Year
2006
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
One of the most impressive solar phenomena is its magnetic activity cycle. The number of sunspots observed in the solar surface varies with a period of approximately 11 years. Superimposed to this cyclic behavior, there are sporadic events such as the Maunder minimum, during which very few sunspots were detected. In the present work, an Alpha–Omega dynamo model is proposed to study these phenomena. We use velocity profiles of the solar interior obtained from helioseismology, which include differential rotation (the X-effect), a meridional flow and the turbulent velocity field of the convective region (the a-effect). By simulating the helicoidal and disordered flow of the giant cells through a stochastic component in the a coefficient, we reproduce not only the periodic behavior of the solar cycle, but also sporadic events such as the Maunder minimum. This model suggests the existence of a link between giant cell fluctuations and the irregularities observed in the solar cycle, such as north–south asymmetries and secular variations like the Maunder minimum.
Fil: Gomez, Daniel Osvaldo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciónes Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio. - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio; Argentina
Fil: Mininni, Pablo Daniel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Subject
Astronomy
Astronomía
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/22020