Influence of spray-drying operating conditions on Rhamnus purshiana (Cáscara sagrada) extract powder physical properties

Authors
Gallo, Loreana Carolina; Llabot, Juan Manuel; Allemandi, Daniel Alberto; Bucala, Veronica; Piña, Juliana
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The aim of this work was to study Rhamnus purshiana (Cáscara sagrada) extract spray-drying in order to obtain powders with good rheological properties for direct compression (DC) and stability attributes. The experiments were carried out in a Büchi B-290 Mini Spray Dryer using colloidal silicon dioxide as carrier agent. A 25-1 fractional factorial statistical design was used to find adequate spray-drying operating conditions to produce Cáscara sagrada powders with good flow, good compactability properties, high process yield, low moisture content, low hygroscopicity, and caking tendency. Morphology, size, structural and thermal properties of the particles were also evaluated. The operating variables studied were air inlet temperature, atomization air flow rate, pump feed rate, aspiration capacity, and feed solids concentration. The 25-1 factorial experimental design used was a good strategy to establish spray-drying operating conditions to produce Cáscara sagrada extract powders with good properties for direct compression and high process yields. Colloidal silicon dioxide was an effective drying adjuvant. Its use in relatively high concentrations together with low atomization air flow rates improved powder flowability, increased the product's glass transition temperature, and decreased its moisture content and hygroscopicity.
Fil: Gallo, Loreana Carolina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química; Argentina
Fil: Llabot, Juan Manuel. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Departamento de Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Allemandi, Daniel Alberto. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Departamento de Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Bucala, Veronica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química; Argentina
Fil: Piña, Juliana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química; Argentina
Subject
CÁSCARA SAGRADA
DIRECT COMPRESSION
DRY PLANT EXTRACT
FACTORIAL DESIGN
RHAMNUS PURSHIANA
SPRAY-DRYING
Recubrimientos y Películas
Ingeniería de los Materiales
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/56195