Activity of digestive enzymes in chicken's small intestine and caeca: Effect of dietary protein and carbohydrate content

Authors
Ciminari, María E.; Caviedes Vidal, Enrique Juan Raul; Chediack, Juan Gabriel
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Digestion is a mediating factor between the animals and their environment, one of the variables related to the efficiency in extracting energy from nutrients is rate of hydrolysis. Phylogenetical and functional hypothesis has been proposed linking dietary flexibility and enzyme lability. Species belong to Parvclass Galloanserae, studied until now, did not modulate aminopeptidase-N activity but they did modulate disaccharidases activities. Additionally, peptide hydrolysis has been demonstrated in avian caeca, but not in chickens. Finally, dietary proteins are essential for chicken growth in the first stages of development, but little information is available in chickens beyond 42 days of life. Chickens beyond that age were fed for 15 days either a high protein (DHP = 49.72% protein and 11.92% carbohydrates) or a high starch diet (DHS = 52.82% carbohydrates and 10.49% protein). Aminopeptidase-N, maltase and sucrase, were assessed in chicken’s small intestines and caeca. Body mass of DHP birds was 37.5% higher than body mass of DHS birds, at the end of the trial. Aminopeptidase-N and sucrase did not change, but maltase exhibited higher activity in DHS than in DHP birds. The lack of aminopeptidase-N modulation and its relatively high activity in caeca, together with a modulation of maltase, contribute and give apparent support to the functional hypothesis. Surprisingly, a high quantity of protein resulted important for growth in chickens after 42 days of life. Also it is important to notice that a casein diet has been demonstrated as a high digestible meal for chickens, so the last data may be of interest for poultry industry.
Fil: Ciminari, María E.. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Ciencias Humanas. Laboratorio de Biología "Profesor Enrique Cavides Codelia"; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas; Argentina
Fil: Caviedes Vidal, Enrique Juan Raul. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Quimica, Bioquimica y Farmacia. Departamento de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico San Luis. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Investigaciones Biológicas de San Luis; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Ciencias Humanas. Laboratorio de Biología "Profesor Enrique Cavides Codelia"; Argentina
Fil: Chediack, Juan Gabriel. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Ciencias Humanas. Laboratorio de Biología "profesor Enrique Cavides Codelia"; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico San Luis. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Investigaciones Biológicas de San Luis; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Quimica, Bioquimica y Farmacia. Departamento de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas; Argentina
Subject
Chickens
Caeca
Dietary carbohydrates
Dietary proteins
Enzyme digestion
Growth pattern
Phenotypic flexibility
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/14655