Oligodendrocyte differentiation and signaling after transferrin internalization: a mechanism of action

Authors
Perez, Maria Julia; Fernandez, Natalia Cristina; Pasquini, Juana Maria
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Oligodendrocytes are the cells producing the myelin membrane around the axons in the central nervous system and, although apotransferrin (aTf) is required for oligodendrocyte differentiation, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Fyn tyrosine kinase, a member of the Src family of proteins, has been shown to play an important role in myelination by up-regulating the expression of myelin basic protein; however, a molecular link between aTf and Fyn kinase signaling pathway during oligodendrocytes differentiation has not been established yet. Our aim was to investigate whether Fyn kinase, MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways are required for aTf-stimulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and also to determine if the transferrin receptor is involved in these mechanisms. Treatment of primary cultures of oligodendroglial precursor cells with aTf leads to Fyn kinase activation by a mechanism that involves transferrin receptor. In turn, Fyn kinase activation promotes MEK-mediated transient phosphorylation of ERK1/2. On the other hand, transferrin receptor internalization also produces rapid and sustained activation of Akt, which involves phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation. Finally, aTf incorporated through clathrin-mediated endocytosis increases myelin basic protein, F3-contactin and β-tubulin through Fyn/MEK/ERK pathways, as well as an activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Our results also demonstrate that the activation of the pathways necessary for oligodendroglial precursor cell maturation is dependent on AP2 recruitment onto the plasma membrane for clathrin-mediated endocytosis of transferrin receptor.
Fil: Perez, Maria Julia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas; Argentina; Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquimica. Departamento de Quimica Biologica. Cátedra de Química Biológica Patológica; Argentina;
Fil: Fernandez, Natalia Cristina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Farmacología. Cátedra de Química Medicinal; Argentina;
Fil: Pasquini, Juana Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas; Argentina;
Subject
Oligodendrocyte
Transferrin
Receptor-internalization
Signalling
Fyn tyrosine kinase
PI3K/Akt pathway
MEK/ERK pathways
Oligodendrocyte differentiation and transferrin
Biología Celular, Microbiología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/1898