Mutually beneficial pollinator diversity and crop yield outcomes in small and large farms

Authors
Garibaldi, Lucas Alejandro; Carvalheiro, Luísa G.; Vaissière, Bernard E.; Gemmill Herren, Barbara; Hipólito, Juliana; Freitas, Breno M.; Ngo, Hien T.; Azzu, Nadine; Sáez, Agustín; Åström, Jens; An, Jiandong; Blochtein, Betina; Buchori, Damayanti; Chamorro García, Fermín J.; Da Silva, Fabiana Oliveira; Devkota, Kedar; De Fátima Ribeiro, Márcia; Freitas, Leandro; Gaglianone, Maria C.; Goss, Maria; Irshad, Mohammad; Kasina, Muo; Pacheco Filho, Alípio J.S.; Piedade Kiill, Lucia H.; Kwapong, Peter; Parra, Guiomar Nates; Pires, Carmen; Pires, Viviane; Rawal, Ranbeer S.; Rizali, Akhmad; Saraiva, Antonio M.; Veldtman, Ruan; Viana, Blandina F.; Witter, Sidia; Zhang, Hong
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Ecological intensification, or the improvement of crop yield through enhancement of biodiversity, may be a sustainable pathway toward greater food supplies. Such sustainable increases may be especially important for the 2 billion people reliant on small farms, many of which are undernourished, yet we know little about the efficacy of this approach. Using a coordinated protocol across regions and crops, we quantify to what degree enhancing pollinator density and richness can improve yields on 344 fields from 33 pollinator-dependent crop systems in small and large farms from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. For fields less than 2 hectares, we found that yield gaps could be closed by a median of 24% through higher flower-visitor density. For larger fields, such benefits only occurred at high flower-visitor richness.Worldwide, our study demonstrates that ecological intensification can create synchronous biodiversity and yield outcomes.
Fil: Garibaldi, Lucas Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Rio Negro. Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia de Rio Negro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia de Rio Negro; Argentina
Fil: Carvalheiro, Luísa G.. Universidade do Brasília; Brasil
Fil: Vaissière, Bernard E.. Centre de Recherche de Nantes. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Gemmill Herren, Barbara. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Italia
Fil: Hipólito, Juliana. Universidade Federal da Bahia; Brasil
Fil: Freitas, Breno M.. Universidade Federal do Ceará; Brasil
Fil: Ngo, Hien T.. Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services; Alemania
Fil: Azzu, Nadine. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Italia
Fil: Sáez, Agustín. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Patagonia Norte. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Centro Regional Universidad Bariloche. Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente; Argentina
Fil: Åström, Jens. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research; Noruega
Fil: An, Jiandong. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; China
Fil: Blochtein, Betina. Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Brasil
Fil: Buchori, Damayanti. Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia
Fil: Chamorro García, Fermín J.. Universidad Nacional de Colombia; Colombia
Fil: Da Silva, Fabiana Oliveira. Universidade Federal de Sergipe; Brasil
Fil: Devkota, Kedar. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science; Nepal
Fil: De Fátima Ribeiro, Márcia. Embrapa Semiárido; Brasil
Fil: Freitas, Leandro. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro; Brasil
Fil: Gaglianone, Maria C.. Universidade Estadual Do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro; Brasil
Fil: Goss, Maria. University of Zimbabwe; Zimbabue
Fil: Irshad, Mohammad. Honey Bee Research Institute; Pakistán
Fil: Kasina, Muo. Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation-Sericulture; Kenia
Fil: Pacheco Filho, Alípio J.S.. Universidade Federal do Ceará; Brasil
Fil: Piedade Kiill, Lucia H.. Embrapa Semiárido; Brasil
Fil: Kwapong, Peter. University of Cape Coast; Ghana
Fil: Parra, Guiomar Nates. Universidad Nacional de Colombia; Colombia
Fil: Pires, Carmen. Parque Estação Biológica; Brasil
Fil: Pires, Viviane. Instituto do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídrico; Brasil
Fil: Rawal, Ranbeer S.. G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development; India
Fil: Rizali, Akhmad. University of Brawijaya; Indonesia
Fil: Saraiva, Antonio M.. Universidade de Sao Paulo; Brasil
Fil: Veldtman, Ruan. South African National Biodiversity Institute; Sudáfrica. Stellenbosch University; Sudáfrica
Fil: Viana, Blandina F.. Universidade Federal da Bahia; Brasil
Fil: Witter, Sidia. Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária; Brasil
Fil: Zhang, Hong. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; China
Subject
CROP YIELD
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
SPECIES RICHNESS
ECOLOGICAL INTENSIFICATION
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Agricultura
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/60222