Diurnal? Calling activity patterns reveal nocturnal habits in the aposematic toad, Melanophryniscus rubriventris

Authors
Pereyra, Laura Cecilia; Akmentins, Mauricio Sebastián; Sanabria, Eduardo Alfredo; Vaira, Marcos
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Abstract: In anuran species with short breeding seasons, an extension of diel activity to the night hours could be favoured to maximize mating opportunities but individuals must deal with physiological and behavioural constraints. We tested this hypothesis in the Yungas red-belly toad, Melanophryniscus rubriventris (Vellard, 1947). We registered diel pattern of male callingactivity in two localities using automated recording systems, and related it to abiotic factors as temperature, relative air humidity and precipitation. The diel pattern of vocalization was mainly diurnal. Interestingly, though, nocturnal calling activity was a common feature, representingbetween 40% and 43% of call records in both localities. Vocal activity was significantly influenced by time of the day and presence of rainfall. Calling males showed high plasticity, with activity in the entire environmental range of relative air humidity and temperature. Nocturnal calling seems to play an important role in the mating strategy of males, and it is probably morefrequent in the genus Melanophryniscus than currently assumed. We discuss the implications of our findings in relation to different aspects of ecology of the species and suggest that bright coloration in M. rubriventris might result from a compromise between several non-conflicting functions (e.g. aposematism and thermoregulation).
Fil: Pereyra, Laura Cecilia. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Ecorregiones Andinas. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET - Salta. San Salvador de Jujuy; Argentina
Fil: Akmentins, Mauricio Sebastián. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Ecorregiones Andinas. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET - Salta. San Salvador de Jujuy; Argentina
Fil: Sanabria, Eduardo Alfredo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de San Juan. Facultad de Filosofía, Humanidades y Artes; Argentina
Fil: Vaira, Marcos. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Instituto de Ecorregiones Andinas. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico CONICET - Salta. San Salvador de Jujuy; Argentina
Subject
MELANOPHRYNISCUS RUBRIVENTRIS
YUNGAS RED-BELLY TOAD
BREEDING BEHAVIOUR
ADVERTISEMENT CALL
DIEL PATTERN
NOCTURNALITY
APOSEMATISM
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/45876