Alterations of LXRα and LXRβ expression in the hypothalamus of glucose-intolerant rats

Authors
Kruse, Maria Sol; Rey, Mariana; Vega, Maria Cristina; Coirini, Hector
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Liver X receptor (LXR) a and b are nuclear receptors that are crucial for the regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Activation of LXRs in the brain facilitates cholesterol clearance and improves cognitive deficits, thus they are considered as promising drug targets to treat diseases such as atherosclerosis and Alzheimer´s disease. Nevertheless, little is known about the function and localization of LXRs in the brain. Here, we studied the expression of LXR in the brains of rats that received free access to 10% (w/v) fructose group (FG) in their beverages or water control drinks (control group (CG)). After 6 weeks rats in the FG presented with hypertriglyceridemia, hyperinsulinemia, and became glucose intolerant, suggesting a progression toward type 2 diabetes. We found that hypothalamic LXR expression was altered in fructose-fed rats. Rats in the FG presented with a decrease in LXRb levels while showing an increase in LXRa expression in the hypothalamus but not in the hippocampus, cerebellum, or neocortex. Moreover, both LXRa and b expression correlated negatively with insulin and triglyceride levels. Interestingly, LXRb showed a negative correlation with the area under the curve during the glucose tolerance test in the CG and a positive correlation in the FG. Immunocytochemistry revealed that the paraventricular and ventromedial nuclei express mainly LXRa whereas the arcuate nucleus expresses LXRb. Both LXR immunosignals were found in the median preoptic area. This is the first study showing a relationship between glucose and lipid homeostasis and the expression of LXRs in the hypothalamus, suggesting that LXRs may trigger neurochemical and neurophysiological responses for the control of food intake and energy expenditure through these receptors.
Fil: Kruse, Maria Sol. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Rey, Mariana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Vega, Maria Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Coirini, Hector. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Bioquímica Humana; Argentina. Universidad Catolica de Cuyo - Sede San Juan; Argentina
Subject
LXR RECEPTORS
GLUCOSE INTOLERANT
HYPOTHALAMUS
Neurociencias
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/22184