How embodied is action language? Neurological evidence from motor diseases

Authors
Cardona Londoño, Juan Felipe; Kargieman, Lucila; Sinay, Vladimiro; Gershanik, Oscar Samuel; Gelormini Lezama, Carlos; Amoruso, Lucía; Roca, Martin; Pineda, David; Trujillo Arias, Natalia; Michon, Maeva; García, Adolfo Martín; Szenkman, Daniela; Bekinschtein, Tristán Andrés; Manes, Facundo Francisco; Ibáñez Barassi, Agustín Mariano
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Although motor-language coupling is now being extensively studied, its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this sense, a crucial opposition has emerged between the non-representational and the representational views of embodiment. The former posits that action language is grounded on the non-brain motor system directly engaged by musculoskeletal activity – i.e., peripheral involvement of ongoing actions. Conversely, the latter proposes that such grounding is afforded by the brain’s motor system – i.e., activation of neural areas representing motor action. We addressed this controversy through the action-sentence compatibility effect (ACE) paradigm, which induces a contextual coupling of motor actions and verbal processing. ACEs were measured in three patient groups – early Parkinson’s disease (EPD), neuromyelitis optica (NMO), and acute transverse myelitis (ATM) patients – as well as their respective healthy controls. NMO and ATM constitute models of injury to non-brain motor areas and the peripheral motor system, whereas EPD provides a model of brain motor system impairment. In our study, EPD patients exhibited impaired ACE and verbal processing relative to healthy participants, NMO, and ATM patients. These results indicate that the processing of action-related words is mainly subserved by a cortico-subcortical motor network system, thus supporting a brain-based embodied view on action language. More generally, our findings are consistent with contemporary perspectives for which action/verb processing depends on distributed brain networks supporting context-sensitive motor-language coupling.
Fil: Cardona Londoño, Juan Felipe. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina. Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira; Colombia
Fil: Kargieman, Lucila. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Sinay, Vladimiro. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Gershanik, Oscar Samuel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Gelormini Lezama, Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Amoruso, Lucía. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Roca, Martin. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Pineda, David. Universidad de Antioquia; Colombia
Fil: Trujillo Arias, Natalia. Universidad de Antioquia; Colombia
Fil: Michon, Maeva. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile
Fil: García, Adolfo Martín. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Szenkman, Daniela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina
Fil: Bekinschtein, Tristán Andrés. Medical Research Council; Reino Unido
Fil: Manes, Facundo Francisco. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina. Australian Research Council; Australia
Fil: Ibáñez Barassi, Agustín Mariano. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Universidad Autónoma del Caribe. Barranquilla; Colombia
Subject
EPD
NMO
ATM
ACTION LANGUAGE
REPRESENTATIONS
EMBODIED COGNITION
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/35348