Characterization of Schizosaccharomyces pombe ER  -Mannosidase: A Reevaluation of the Role of the Enzyme on ER-associated Degradation

Authors
Movsichoff, Federico; Castro, Olga Alejandra; Parodi, Armando José A.
Publication Year
2005
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
It has been postulated that creation of Man8GlcNAc2 isomer B (M8B) by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) alpha-mannosidase I constitutes a signal for driving irreparably misfolded glycoproteins to proteasomal degradation. Contrary to a previous report, we were able to detect in vivo (but not in vitro) an extremely feeble ER alpha-mannosidase activity in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The enzyme yielded M8B on degradation of Man9GlcNAc2 and was inhibited by kifunensin. Live S. pombe cells showed an extremely limited capacity to demannosylate Man9GlcNAc2 present in misfolded glycoproteins even after a long residence in the ER. In addition, no preferential degradation of M8B-bearing species was detected. Nevertheless, disruption of the alpha-mannosidase encoding gene almost totally prevented degradation of a misfolded glycoprotein. This and other conflicting reports may be best explained by assuming that the role of ER mannosidase on glycoprotein degradation is independent of its enzymatic activity. The enzyme, behaving as a lectin binding polymannose glycans of varied structures, would belong together with its enzymatically inactive homologue Htm1p/Mnl1p/EDEM, to a transport chain responsible for delivering irreparably misfolded glycoproteins to proteasomes. Kifunensin and 1-deoxymannojirimycin, being mannose homologues, would behave as inhibitors of the ER mannosidase or/and Htm1p/Mnl1p/EDEM putative lectin properties.
Fil: Movsichoff, Federico. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires. Fundación Instituto Leloir. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Castro, Olga Alejandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires. Fundación Instituto Leloir. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Parodi, Armando José A.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires. Fundación Instituto Leloir. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Subject
mannosidase
proteasomal degradation
endplasmic reticulum
Otras Ciencias Químicas
Ciencias Químicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/42715