Clinical Features And Laboratory Patterns In A Cohort Of Consecutive Argentinian Patients With Von Willebrand's Disease

Authors
Woods, Adriana Inés; Meschengieser, S. S.; Blanco, A. N.; Salviu, M. J.; Farias, Cristina Elena; Kempfer, Ana Catalina; Lazzari, María Ángela
Publication Year
2001
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Background and Objectives. von Willebrand's disease (vWD) is a bleeding disorder with variable clinical expression. Our aim was to classify patients with vWD and to determine the phenotype in their relatives. Design and Methods. The types and subtypes, blood group frequency and its relevance, bleeding sites, response to the desmopressin (DDAVP) test, transfusion requirements and clinical features in type 1 and 2A families were determined in 1,885 patients. Results. Our findings were: type 1: 91%, type 2A: 3.1%, severe vWD: 1.3%; type 2N: 1.6%; type low intraplatelet: 2.7%; combined 1+2N: 0.3%. Blood group O prevalence was 70.5%. Bleeding and transfusion requirements were not correlated to blood groups. The most frequent symptoms were: ecchymoses-hematomas and epistaxis and, in females over 13 years, also menorrhagia. Normal levels of factor VIII:C were found in 38.4% of the patients. DDAVP was infused in 567 patients with a good response in 80.6%. About 9% of our patients needed transfusion therapy. The diagnosis of von Willebrand’s disease is more likely in subjects belonging to families with type 2A disease than in members of families with type 1 vWD in spite of these being symptomatic. Interpretation and Conclusions. These observations provide a good strategy to identify, classify and treat vWD patients without performing molecular assays.
Fil: Woods, Adriana Inés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Meschengieser, S. S.. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Blanco, A. N.. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Salviu, M. J.. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Farias, Cristina Elena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Kempfer, Ana Catalina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Lazzari, María Ángela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Subject
vWD variants;
DDAVP
Symptoms
Laboratory assay
Medicina Critica y de Emergencia
Medicina Clínica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/55139