Heat shock proteins (HSPs) based anti-cancer vaccines

Authors
Ciocca, Daniel Ramon; Cayado Gutiérrez, Niubys de Los Milagros; Maccioni, Mariana; Cuello Carrión, Fernando Darío
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The importance of HSPs themselves in antigen presentation and cross-presentation remains controversial. Most studies agree that as part of their molecular chaperone function, HSPs can bind and present tumor associated antigens to professional antigen presenting cells through MHC class I and class II molecules, leading to the activation of anti-tumor CD8+ and CD4+ T cells. The regulation of the innate and adaptive immune responses by HSPs is still a matter of intense research. HSPs are seen as important anticancer vaccine adjuvants. They are used through different delivery systems: HSPs/antibodies, peptide/protein-HSP complexes, tumor antigen/HSP gene fusion, viral peptides/HSP complexes or gene fusion, viral proteins/bacterial HSP fusion. In preclinical models different administration routes, subcutaneous, intradermal, intramuscular or even peroral (under special conditions) can be used, and the animal toxicities are non-significant. The HSP-based vaccines can induce specific and non-specific cellular immune responses all of which are important to induce tumor rejection. In addition, the antibodies generated after vaccination are emerging as important protagonist in the antitumoral response. This response is significantly enhanced when the suppressive tumor microenvironment and the immune suppressing effector cells are blocked. Several clinical studies have been carried out and are ongoing, immunizing cancer patients with autologous tumor derived HSP-peptide complexes (HSPPCs). The most promising results have been observed in patients with melanoma and renal clear cell cancer without advanced disease. There are clinical trials with HSP-based anticancer vaccines other than with HSPPCs (including patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, high-grade transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, high-grade cervical dysplasia, etc).
Fil: Ciocca, Daniel Ramon. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo; Argentina
Fil: Cayado Gutiérrez, Niubys de Los Milagros. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo; Argentina
Fil: Maccioni, Mariana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones en Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunología; Argentina
Fil: Cuello Carrión, Fernando Darío. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo; Argentina
Subject
CANCER
HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS
IMMUNE SYSTEM
VACCINES
Medicina Critica y de Emergencia
Medicina Clínica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/72618