Diversity in diplid, tetraploid, and mixed diploid-tetraploid populations of Paspalum simplex

Authors
Brugnoli, Elsa Andrea; Urbani, Mario Hugo; Quarin, Camilo Luis; Martínez, Eric Javier; Acuña, Carlos Alberto
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The tetraploid cytotype of Paspalum simplex has a wide geographical distribution and reproduces by apomixis, while the diploid grows in a restricted area in northern Argentina and behaves as cross-pollinated. The objective was to evaluate the genetic diversity among and within natural diploid and tetraploid populations of P. simplex growing in sympatry and allopatry by studying the phenotypic variability and DNA polymorphisms. Twenty three phenotypic traits and ten ISSRs molecular markers were used for evaluating the variability present in 6 populations of P. simplex. Two populations were diploid and four were tetraploid. One of the tetraploid populations was sympatric to a diploid population, while the rest of the populations were allopatric. A rich diversity was observed for specific traits, especially for seasonal biomass yield, presence of a terminal raceme in the inflorescence, and leaf pubescence. The 2x and 4x populations growing in proximity were closely related. Diversity was higher within diploid populations when compared with the evaluated tetraploid populations. Among the tetraploid populations, the one sympatric with a diploid population exhibited the greatest diversity. Gene flow occurs between 2x sexual and 4x apomictic populations of P. simplex. A unidirectional pathway seems to be involved for the creation of new 4x genotypes from highly variable 2x populations.
Fil: Brugnoli, Elsa Andrea. Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva. Agencia Nacional de Promoción Cientifíca y Tecnológica; Argentina; Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Secretaria de Ciencia y Tecnologia; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina;
Fil: Urbani, Mario Hugo. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina;
Fil: Quarin, Camilo Luis. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina;
Fil: Martínez, Eric Javier. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina; Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina;
Fil: Acuña, Carlos Alberto. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina;
Subject
APOMIXIS
GENETICS
PASTURE
POLYPLOIDY
Agronomía, reproducción y protección de plantas
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/2240