Hepatocyte aquaporins in bile formation and cholestasis

Authors
Marinelli, Raul Alberto; Lehmann, Guillermo Luis; Soria, Leandro Raul; Marchissio, Maria Julia
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Bile formation by hepatocytes is an osmotic secretory process that is ultimately dependent on the biliary secretion of osmotically-active solutes (mainly bile salts) via specialized canalicular transporters as well as on the water permeability of the canalicular plasma membrane domain. Hepatocytes express aquaporins, a family of membrane channel proteins that facilitate the osmotically-driven movement of water molecules. Aquaporin-8 (AQP8), localized to canalicular membranes, modulates membrane water permeability providing a molecular mechanism for the osmotically-coupled transport of solute and water during bile formation. There is experimental evidence suggesting that defective hepatocyte AQP8 expression leads to alterations in normal bile physiology. Thus, AQP8 protein is downregulated (and canalicular water permeability decreased), in established rat models of cholestasis, such as sepsis-associated cholestasis, estrogen-induced cholestasis and extrahepatic obstructive cholestasis. Moreover, AQP8 gene silencing in the human hepatocyte-derived cell line HepG2 inhibits canalicular water secretion. Based on current knowledge, it is conceivable that cholestasis results from a mutual occurrence of impaired solute transport and AQP8-mediated decrease of canalicular water permeability.
Fil: Marinelli, Raul Alberto. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Rosario. Instituto de Fisiología Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Lehmann, Guillermo Luis. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Rosario. Instituto de Fisiología Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Soria, Leandro Raul. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Rosario. Instituto de Fisiología Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Marchissio, Maria Julia. Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Rosario. Instituto de Fisiología Experimental (i); Argentina
Subject
AQUAPORINS
WATER CHANNELS
AQUAPORIN-8
MEMBRANE WATER PERMEABILITY
HEPATOCYTE
BILE SECRETION
Fisiología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/15378