Role of SN1 lipases on plasma lipids in metabolic syndrome and obesity

Authors
Miksztowicz, Veronica Julieta; Schreier, Laura Ester; McCoy, Mary; Lucero, Diego Martín; Fassio, Eduardo; Billheimer, Jeffrey; Rader, Daniel J.; Berg, Gabriela Alicia
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Objective—To assess the phospholipase activity of endothelial (EL) and hepatic lipase (HL) in postheparin plasma of subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS)/obesity and their relationship with atherogenic and antiatherogenic lipoproteins. Additionally, to evaluate lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and HL activity as triglyceride (TG)-hydrolyses to complete the analyses of SN1 lipolytic enzymes in the same patient. Approach and Results—Plasma EL, HL, and LPL activities were evaluated in 59 patients with MS and 36 controls. A trend toward higher EL activity was observed in MS. EL activity was increased in obese compared with normal weight group (P=0.009) and was negatively associated with high-density lipoprotein–cholesterol (P=0.014 and P=0.005) and apolipoprotein A-I (P=0.045 and P=0.001) in control and MS group, respectively. HL activity, as TG-hydrolase, was increased in MS (P=0.025) as well as in obese group (P=0.017); directly correlated with low-density lipoprotein–cholesterol (P=0.005) and apolipoprotein B (P=0.003) and negatively with high-density lipoprotein–cholesterol (P=0.021) in control group. LPL was decreased in MS (P<0.001) as well as in overweight and obese compared with normal weight group (P=0.015 and P=0.004, respectively); inversely correlated %TG-very low-density lipoproteins (P=0.04) and TG/apolipoprotein B index (P=0.013) in control group. These associations were not found in MS. Conclusions—We describe for the first time EL and HL activity as phospholipases in MS/obesity, being both responsible for high-density lipoprotein catabolism. Our results elucidate part of the remaining controversies about SN1 lipases activity in MS and different grades of obesity. The impact of insulin resistance on the activity of the 3 enzymes determines the lipoprotein alterations observed in these states.
Fil: Miksztowicz, Veronica Julieta. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Schreier, Laura Ester. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: McCoy, Mary. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Lucero, Diego Martín. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Fassio, Eduardo. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital "Prof. Alejandro Posadas"; Argentina
Fil: Billheimer, Jeffrey. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Rader, Daniel J.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Berg, Gabriela Alicia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
LIPG protein
Hepatic lipase
Human
Lipoprotein lipase
Metabolic syndrome X
Obesity
Phospholipases
Otras Ciencias de la Salud
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/16847