Natural occurrence of entomophthoroid fungi (Entomophthoromycota) of aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on cereal crops in Argentina

Authors
Manfrino, Romina Guadalupe; Hatting, J. L.; Humber, Richard; Salto, Cesar; Lopez Lastra, Claudia Cristina
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The spectrum of entomophthoroid fungal species parasitising aphids on cereal crops and a study of the phenology and prevalence of these pathogens were investigated in Argentina. The studies were conducted at six different sites cultivated with crops of Triticum aestivum (wheat), Avena sativa (oats)and Sorghum bicolor (sorghum)during two consecutive years. Entomopathogenic fungi from the new phylum Entomophthoromycota were recorded from six aphid species on cereals in Argentina: Rhopalosiphum maidis, Rhopalosiphum padi, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis, Schizaphis graminum, Sitobion avenae and Sipha maydis.Three species of entomophthoroid fungi were found infecting these aphid species: Pandora neoaphidis, Zoophthora radicans (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae)and Neozygites fresenii (Neozygitales: Neozygitaceae). Entomophthoroid fungal infections occurred mostly in autumn?winter seasons(March August),and coincided with periods of high relative humidity and comparatively low temperatures. This study represents the first base-line characterisation of entomophthoroid fungi infecting aphids on cereal crops in Argentina.
Fil: Manfrino, Romina Guadalupe. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Santa Fe. Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico La Plata. Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (i); Argentina
Fil: Hatting, J. L.. South African Agricultural Research Council. Small Grain Institute; Sudáfrica
Fil: Humber, Richard. United States Department Of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service; Argentina
Fil: Salto, Cesar. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Santa Fe. Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina
Fil: Lopez Lastra, Claudia Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico La Plata. Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (i); Argentina
Subject
Aphididae
Biological control
Cereal crops
Entomopathogenic fungi
Entomophthoromycota
Micología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/6471