Effect of salt content and type on emulsifying properties of hull soy soluble polysaccharides at acidic pH

Authors
Cabezas, Dario Marcelino; Pereira Ortiz, Mariana; Wagner, Jorge Ricardo; Porfiri, María Cecilia
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Hull soluble polysaccharide (HSPS) is a novel product consisting in a mixture of polysaccharides and proteins extracted from soy hulls by using a methodology based on the extraction of citric pectins. In this work we studied the effect of the addition of two different salts (NaCl and CaCl2) on the emulsifying properties of HSPS at acidic conditions. Low and high homogenization energies were used, obtaining coarse and fine emulsions, respectively. Mean droplet size, the stability against destabilizing processes (creaming, flocculation and coalescence) and the rheological properties of the emulsions were analyzed. Also, the rheology of the O/W interface was studied by using du Noüy ring geometry. Coarse HSPS emulsions were unstable to creaming, being more stable in the presence of salts. In contrast, fine HSPS emulsions showed long-term creaming stability similar to those performed with commercial citric pectin (CCP), although they differ in particle size distribution and flocculation degree. The presence of CaCl2 reduced the mean size of droplets in fine HSPS emulsions and improved their stability to flocculation and coalescence. Significant differences were observed in the rheological behavior of O/W emulsions and interfaces of HSPS and CCP with respect to the salt addition. Our results indicate that HSPS can be used in the formulation and stabilization of acidic O/W emulsions. Besides, HSPS generates emulsions with different characteristics than those obtained with citric pectins. The use of HSPS provides a suitable alternative in food engineering contributing to the exploitation and valorization of soy hulls, which represents an important waste material in soybean processing.
Fil: Cabezas, Dario Marcelino. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología. Laboratorio de Investigación en Funcionalidad y Tecnología de Alimentos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Pereira Ortiz, Mariana. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología. Laboratorio de Investigación en Funcionalidad y Tecnología de Alimentos; Argentina
Fil: Wagner, Jorge Ricardo. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología. Laboratorio de Investigación en Funcionalidad y Tecnología de Alimentos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Porfiri, María Cecilia. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología. Laboratorio de Investigación en Funcionalidad y Tecnología de Alimentos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
HULL SOLUBLE POLYSACCHARIDES
INTERFACIAL RHEOLOGY
OIL-IN-WATER EMULSIONS
SOY HULLS
STABILITY
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/72851