Heterogeneously-catalyzed glycerolysis of fatty acid methyl esters: Reaction parameter optimization

Authors
Ferretti, Cristián Alejandro; Olcese, Roberto N.; Apesteguia, Carlos Rodolfo; Di Cosimo, Juana Isabel
Publication Year
2009
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The synthesis of monoglycerides by glycerolysis of methyl oleate, an unsaturated fatty acid methyl ester, was studied on strongly basic high surface area MgO as an alternative to the current commercial technology that uses liquid base catalysts. Initially, the reaction conditions such as catalyst particle size and stirring rate required for operating the four-phase reactor under a kinetically controlled regime were determined. Then, the optimization of the reaction parameters for achieving high monoglyceride yields was performed. Results showed that glycerolysis of methyl oleate on MgO compares favorably with the corresponding homogeneously catalyzed process. In fact, when using high reaction temperatures (493-523 K), glycerol/methyl oleate molar ratios between 2 and 6, and catalyst/reactant ratios of about 30 g/mol, glycerolysis of methyl oleate on MgO yields up to 77% monoglycerides in 2 h, a much higher value than those usually obtained via the liquidbase-catalyzed homogeneous process (40-60%). © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Fil: Ferretti, Cristián Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Olcese, Roberto N.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Apesteguia, Carlos Rodolfo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Fil: Di Cosimo, Juana Isabel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera". Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica "Ing. José Miguel Parera"; Argentina
Subject
GLYCEROL
MONOGLYCERIDE
FATTY ACID METHYL ESTER
MgO
Otras Ingeniería Química
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/55598