Transverse solute dispersion in microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs)

Authors
Urteaga, Raul; Elizalde, Emanuel; Berli, Claudio Luis Alberto
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The transport of molecules and particles across adjacent flow streams is a key process in several operations implemented in microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs). Here, the transverse dispersion of analytes was quantitatively evaluated by theory and experiments. Different tests were carried out to independently measure the coefficients of both Brownian diffusion and mechanical dispersion under capillary-driven flow. The dispersion width was found to be independent of fluid velocity and analyte properties, and fully determined by the dispersivity coefficient, which is a characteristic of the paper microstructure. This information introduces a change of paradigm for the design of mixers, diluters, and concentration gradient generators on μPADs; therefore, efforts were made to rationalize these operations on paper. The research reveals that mixers and concentration gradient generators can be much more efficient than their counterparts made on conventional microchannels; in contrast, separators such as the H-filter need to be appropriately engineered on paper, because the working principle can be hindered by mechanical dispersion. The knowledge gained throughout this work would contribute to the design of μPADs with a new level of precision and control over the formation of localized concentration profiles.
Fil: Urteaga, Raul. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Física del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Física del Litoral; Argentina
Fil: Elizalde, Emanuel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Física del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Física del Litoral; Argentina
Fil: Berli, Claudio Luis Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Desarrollo Tecnológico para la Industria Química. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Instituto de Desarrollo Tecnológico para la Industria Química; Argentina
Subject
MICROFLUIDICA BASADA EN PAPEL
Física de los Fluidos y Plasma
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/86085