Tiller hierarchy and defoliation frequency determine bud viabilityn in the grass Poa ligularis

Authors
Busso, Carlos Alberto; Gittins López, Cecilia Gabriela; Becker, G. F.; Ghermandi, Luciana
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Bud viability after various defoliation frequency treatments was determined in the perennial bunchgrass Poa ligularis under arid field conditions from 2002 to 2005. Bud respiratory activity was examined on various stem base hierarchies using the tetrazolium test, as validated with the vital stain Evan’s blue. The hypothesis of this work was that the total and viable axillary bud numbers on stem bases of all study stem base hierarchies are reduced as defoliation frequency increases. Interpretation of the results differed when they were expressed as a percentage rather than on a number per stem base basis. The total number of axillary buds per stem base was similar in all defoliation frequencies. When the results were expressed on a percentage basis, the order on stem bases having metabolically active buds was daughter tillers > stem bases with green tillers > stem bases without green tillers in all defoliation frequencies. The reverse order was found when considering dead buds. How the results are expressed thus deserves our attention when reporting results on bud viability in perennial grasses. An increased defoliation frequency increased the percentage of dead and dormant buds after the third or fourth defoliation of P. ligularis during the 1st study year. These percentages of bud viability, however, increased after the first defoliation during the 2nd study year. Bud viability was affected not only by the cumulative effects of defoliation but also by climatic variables throughout the seasons. However, our results show that P. ligularis can be defoliated up to twice a year without affecting bud viability, and thus its potential capacity for regrowth after defoliation.
Fil: Busso, Carlos Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiarida. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiarida; Argentina
Fil: Gittins López, Cecilia Gabriela. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Patagonia Norte. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Alto Valle; Argentina
Fil: Becker, G. F.. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Patagonia Norte. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Carlos de Bariloche; Argentina
Fil: Ghermandi, Luciana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Patagonia Norte. Instituto de Investigaciones En Biodiversidad y Medioambiente. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Centro Reg.universidad Bariloche. Instituto de Investigaciones En Biodiversidad y Medioambiente; Argentina
Subject
Bud viability
Defoliation frequency
Perennial grass
Poa ligularis
Ecología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/19372