Multiple-Herbicide Resistance in a 2,4-D - Resistant Waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus) Population from Nebraska

Authors
Crespo, Roberto Javier; Wingeyer, Ana Beatriz; Kruger, Greg R.; Riggins, Chance W.; Tranel, Patrick J.; Bernards, Mark L.
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
A 2,4-D-resistant tall waterhemp population (FS) from Nebraska was evaluated for resistance to other TIR1 auxin receptor herbicides and to herbicides having alternative mechanisms of action using greenhouse bioassays and genetic markers. Atrazine, imazethapyr, lactofen, mesotrione, glufosinate, and glyphosate were applied in a single-dose bioassay, and tissue was collected from marked plants for genetic analysis. The FS population was not injured by atrazine or by imazethapyr. Approximately 50% of the plants survived lactofen and were actively growing 28 d after treatment. The population was susceptible to mesotrione, glufosinate, and glyphosate. Ametryn, chlorimuron-ethyl, 2,4-D, aminocyclopyraclor, aminopyralid, and picloram were applied in dose - response studies. The FS population was sensitive to ametryn, and the Ser-264-Gly substitution in the D1 protein was not detected, suggesting the lack of response to atrazine is not due to a target-site mutation. The FS population exhibited less than 50% injury to chlorimuron-ethyl at application rates 20 times the labeled use rate. The Ser-653-Asn acetolactate synthase (ALS) substitution, which confers resistance to imidazolinone herbicides, was present in the FS population. However, this does not explain the lack of response to the sulfonylurea herbicide, chlorimuron-ethyl. Sequencing of a portion of the PPX2L gene did not show the ΔG210 mutation that confers resistance to protoporphyrinogen oxidase - inhibiting herbicides, suggesting that other factors were responsible for waterhemp survival after lactofen application. The FS population was confirmed to be at least 30-fold resistant to 2,4-D relative to the susceptible populations. In addition, it was at least 3-fold less sensitive to aminopyralid and picloram, two other TIR1 auxin receptor herbicides, than the 2,4-D-susceptible populations were. These data indicated that the FS population contains both target and non - target site mechanisms conferring resistance to herbicides spanning at least three mechanisms of action: TIR1 auxin receptors, ALS inhibitors, and photosystem II inhibitors.
Fil: Crespo, Roberto Javier. University of Nebraska; Estados Unidos
Fil: Wingeyer, Ana Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Entre Ríos. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná; Argentina
Fil: Kruger, Greg R.. University of Nebraska; Estados Unidos
Fil: Riggins, Chance W.. University of Illinois at Urbana; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tranel, Patrick J.. University of Illinois at Urbana; Estados Unidos
Fil: Bernards, Mark L.. University of Nebraska; Estados Unidos
Subject
CROSS-RESISTANCE
DOSE - RESPONSE
HERBICIDE RESISTANCE
INJURY
Otras Biotecnología Agropecuaria
Biotecnología Agropecuaria
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/75217