Endosperm and endocarp effects on the Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae) seed germination

Authors
Dolce, Natalia Raquel; Mroginski, Luis Amado; Rey de Badaró, Hebe Yolanda
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
To develop a procedure for regenerating plants directly from pyrenes, as an alternative to in vitro embryo culture, germination studies were done on maté tree, Ilex paraguariensis, seeds using aseptic conditions. The effect of the endosperm, the woody endocarp and cold treatment on embryo development and germination were examined by culturing isolated embryos, intact, acid-scarified and bisected pyrenes from mature fruits. The results show that maté tree plantlets may be obtained by in vitro culture of bisected pyrenes on solidified (0.65% agar) quarter-strength Murashige and Skoog medium containing 3% sucrose. It is recommended to pre-culture the pyrenes at 4 ± 2°C to obtain a higher germination rate and more vigorous seedlings. This is the first report of the in vitro culture of Ilex pyrenes. Compared to the culture of isolated embryos this procedure shortens the duration of the embryo culture technique and minimizes damage to the young embryos.
Fil: Dolce, Natalia Raquel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina
Fil: Mroginski, Luis Amado. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina
Fil: Rey de Badaró, Hebe Yolanda. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Nordeste. Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste (i); Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina
Subject
DORMANCY
EMBRYO
IN VITRO CULTURE
MATÉ TREE
Ciencias de las Plantas, Botánica
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/7226