Gene flow among wild and cultivated sunflower, Helianthus annuus L. in Argentina

Authors
Ureta, Maria Soledad; Carrera, Alicia Delia; Cantamutto, Miguel Ángel; Poverene, María Mónica
Publication Year
2008
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Naturalized populations of wild sunflower, Helianthus annnus, occur in six provinces of central Argentina, usually near sunflower crops. Plants of intermediate morphology indicate that gene flow might take place in both senses. In order to quantify gene flow between cultivated and wild sunflower, an experimental stand of sunflower was sown surrounded by plots of wild plants at increasing distances. Hybridization rate was estimated using a crop specific isozyme marker, and a mean of 7% progenies were crop-wild hybrids. The nearest wild plants (3 m from the cultivar) showed the highest percentage (18%) of gene flow, which was found to decrease with distance, up to 500 m. Pollen flow from wild plants to crop, evaluated through morphological characters in the progenies of cultivated plants from a stand invaded by wild sunflowers, produced 3.75% intermediate plants.
Fil: Ureta, Maria Soledad. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida; Argentina
Fil: Carrera, Alicia Delia. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Cantamutto, Miguel Ángel. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Poverene, María Mónica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida; Argentina
Subject
Gene flow
Wild Helianthus;
Volunteers
Hybridization
Otras Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/27597