Arachidonic acid activation of BKCa (Slo1) channels associated to the β1-subunit in human vascular smooth muscle cells

Authors
Martín, Pedro; Moncada, Melisa; Enrique, Nicolas Jorge; Asuaje, Agustín; Valdez Capuccino, Juan Manuel; González, Carlos; Milesi, Veronica
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Arachidonic acid (AA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid involved in a complex network of cell signaling. It is well known that this fatty acid can directly modulate several cellular target structures, among them, ion channels. We explored the effects of AA on high conductance Ca2+- and voltagedependent K+ channel (BKCa) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) where the presence of β1-subunit was functionally demonstrated by lithocholic acid activation. Using patchclamp technique, we show at the single channel level that 10 μM AA increases the open probability (Po) of BKCa channels tenfold, mainly by a reduction of closed dwell times. AA also induces a left-shift in Po versus voltage curves without modifying their steepness. Furthermore, AA accelerates the kinetics of the voltage channel activation by a fourfold reduction in latencies to first channel opening. When AA was tested on BKCa channel expressed in HEK cells with or without the β1-subunit, activation only occurs in presence of the modulatory subunit. These results contribute to highlight the molecular mechanism of AA-dependent BKCa activation. We conclude that AA itself selectively activates the β1- associated BKCa channel, destabilizing its closed state probably by interacting with the β1-subunit, without modifying the channel voltage sensitivity. Since BKCa channels physiologically contribute to regulation of VSMCs contractility and blood pressure, we used the whole-cell configuration to show that AA is able to activate these channels, inducing significant cell hyperpolarization that can lead to VSMCs relaxation.
Fil: Martín, Pedro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Fil: Moncada, Melisa. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Fil: Enrique, Nicolas Jorge. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Fil: Asuaje, Agustín. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Fil: Valdez Capuccino, Juan Manuel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Fil: González, Carlos. Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso; Chile
Fil: Milesi, Veronica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Endocrinología Exp.y Aplicada (i). Grupo Vinculado Cenexa-fcex-unlp; Argentina
Subject
PUFAS
FATTY ACID
OMEGA-6 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID
HUMAN UMBILICAL ARTERY
PATCH-CLAMP
SINGLE CHANNEL
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/24281