A data-driven, two-temperature solar wind model with alfvén waves

Van Der Holst, B.; Manchester IV, W.B.; Frazin, R.A.; <div class="autor_fcen" id="8837">Vásquez, A.M.</div>; Tóth, G.; Gombosi, T.I.
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We have developed a new three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solar wind model coupled to the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF) that solves for the different electron and proton temperatures. The collisions between the electrons and protons are taken into account as well as the anisotropic thermal heat conduction of the electrons. The solar wind is assumed to be accelerated by the Alfvén waves. In this paper, we do not consider the heating of closed magnetic loops and helmet streamers but do address the heating of the protons by the Kolmogorov dissipation of the Alfvén waves in open field-line regions. The inner boundary conditions for this solar wind model are obtained from observations and an empirical model. The Wang-Sheeley-Arge model is used to determine the Alfvén wave energy density at the inner boundary. The electron density and temperature at the inner boundary are obtained from the differential emission measure tomography applied to the extreme-ultraviolet images of the STEREO A and B spacecraft. This new solar wind model is validated for solar minimum Carrington rotation 2077 (2008 November 20 through December 17). Due to the very low activity during this rotation, this time period is suitable for comparing the simulated corotating interaction regions (CIRs) with in situ ACE/WIND data. Although we do not capture all MHD variables perfectly, we do find that the time of occurrence and the density of CIRs are better predicted than by our previous semi-empirical wind model in the SWMF that was based on a spatially reduced adiabatic index to account for the plasma heating. ©2010. The American Astronomical Society.
Fil:Vásquez, A.M. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina.
Astrophys. J. Lett. 2010;725(1):1373-1383
Interplanetary medium
Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
Methods: numerical
Solar wind
Sun: corona
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Biblioteca Digital (UBA-FCEN)
Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales
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